Conversion of Private Company into Public Company


Key Benefits:


Easy access to Public for raising funds
Public limited Company is the only corporate form of organization which is allowed to raise funds from general public. Public Limited Company enjoys better avenues for borrowing of funds. It can issue debentures, secured as well as unsecured, accept deposits from the public, etc. Banking and financial institutions prefer to render large financial assistance to Public Limited Companies. Even a closely held Company can operate as a Public Company without diluting promoters’ stake.

High market recognition
Public Limited Companies as compared to other business forms enjoys better recognition in the market and bestows confidence in the stakeholders.

Key Requirements:


Minimum Authorised Share Capital shall be Rs. 500,000 (INR Five Lac)

Minimum Paid-up Share Capital shall be Rs. 500,000 (INR Five Lac)

Minimum 7 Shareholders

Minimum 3 Directors

The directors and shareholders can be same person

If the above requirements are not fulfilled by the Private Company, then the relevant alterations / changes to be made before conversion

DIN (Director Identification Number) for all the Directors

DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) for one of the Directors

Steps in Conversion of a Private Limited Company into a Public Limited Company
Step No. 
(Working days)
Board Meeting
Pass a resolution for deletion of articles (which are originally required to be included in the articles of a private company) and recommend it to the shareholders for adoption by them at a General Meeting
Notice of General meeting
Give 21 days’ clear notice for the General Meeting proposing the Special Resolutions with suitable Explanatory Statement.
Filing of Special Resolution with RoC


File Form No. 23 within 30 days of passing of the resolution 

Special Resolution and the Explanatory Statement

Filing of Prospectus or Statement in lieu of prospectus


File Form 62 with the RoC

Prospectus or Statement in lieu of prospectus (SLP)

Letter of Application to the Registrar
for fresh Certificate of Incorporation

Consent letter of the Auditor for
inclusion of his name in the SLP